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Completed hull of vessel in dry dock

Storage tank before maintenance

Fuel tanks

Green renewable energy with generator turbines

Industrial metal fuel tanks

Hosing down 200 bar


Painting of cruise vessel after low pressure washing

Blue Star 1 after various repairs in NEORION Syros shipyard

Tankers near the station for oil

On the right side: Chemical tank after painting

Crude oil tanker after various repairs on deck pipes

High pressure blasting 1000 bar

Navy vessel after superstructure painting

Bottom of vessel after grit blasting

Oil Rig after various special Paintings

Ultra high pressure water blasting 2.500 bar

Technical Advisor & Project Manager

Oil well with storage tanks after painting

Sandblaster on duty

Korean shipyard

Spot grit blasting

Large fuel storage tanks

Submarine navy

Painting of steel building

High pressure water blasting

Final preparations before undocking

Dynamic Co. cherry pickers

Tanker vessel

Pipes transporting oil to storage tanks

Painting of Industrial warehouse

Welding works

Blasting of paint for surface preparation

Fuel tank among maintenance

Sand blasting of container ship

Sand blasting of hull

Grit blasting of metal structures

Ships aft area after painting and drafts marking

Tank coating

Ship in dry dock

Pipe lines and gas tanks

Blue Star Ferry - Drydock

High pressure blasting 1600 bar

Blue Star Diagoras after various repairs in Piraeus

Painting of Bridge construction

Superfast Ferries IX after various repairs and reconditionin

Blue Star Diagoras after external Low pressure washing & Painting

Abrasive blasting of metal structures

Hull painting


115.00 tone oil tanker moored offshore

Oil & Gas supertanker after various repairs

Fertilizer factory

Petrochemical industrial plant

VLCC after very serious repairs

Inspection of hull


Surface treatment in which steel grit, sand, or other abrasive material is blown against an object to produce a roughened surface or to remove dirt, rust, and scale.

Abrasive-Blasting is the operation of forcibly propelling a stream of abrasive material against a surface under high pressure to smooth a rough surface, roughen a smooth surface, shape a surface, or remove surface contaminants. A pressurized fluid, typically air, or a centrifugal wheel is used to propel the media.

Common abrasives used include:

  • Steel shot
  • Steel grit
  • Glass bead
  • Crushed glass
  • Aluminum oxide
  • Silicon carbide
  • Plastic
  • Walnut shell
  • Corn cob
  • Baking soda
  • Ceramic grit
  • Copper slag

The table below gives a summary of the different qualities in surface preparations used by some standards.

Description Swedish SIS 05 5900 American SSPC-SP International ISO-8501-1
White metal Sa 3 SSPC – SP 5 Sa 3
Near white metal Sa 2½ SSPC – SP10 Sa 2½
Commercial blast Sa 2 SSPC – SP 6 Sa 2
Brush-off blast Sa 1 SSPC – SP 7 Sa 1
Power tool cleaning St 3 SSPC – SP 3 St 3
Hand tool cleaning St 3 SSPC – SP 2 St 2

Initial condition of steel as per ISO 8501-01.

Rust grade Pictorial example Description
A Steel covered completely with adherent mill scale and with, if any, little rust.
B Steel surface which has begun to rust and from which the mill scale has begun to flake.
C Steel surface on which the mill scale has rusted away or from which it can be scrapped, but with little pitting visible to the naked eye.
D Steel surface on which the mill scale has rusted away and on which cosiderable pitting is visible to the naked eye.

Pictorial examples of surface preparation according to ISO 8501-01

Cleaning standard Initial steel condition
St2 – Hand tool cleaning Not applicable
St3 – Power tool cleaning Not applicable
Sa1 – Brush-off blast Not applicable
Sa2 – Commercial blast Not applicable
Sa2.5 – Near white metal
Sa3 – White metal